We investigated associations of living in a doubled-up household (i.e., adults living with adult children, other related adults, or other unrelated adults) with diabetes self-management behaviors, occurrence of diabetes preventive care services, and hospital use by Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes.


We analyzed data from the second clinical visit (2014–2017) through subsequent annual follow-up interviews completed through January 2020 of all participants with diabetes in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Multivariable regression was used to test associations between doubled-up status with diabetes self-management behaviors (i.e., checking blood glucose level, checking feet for sores), diabetes preventive care services done by a doctor (i.e., dilated-eye examination, feet checked, hemoglobin A1c measured, urine analysis for kidney function), and hospital use (i.e., emergency department [ED] visits and hospitalizations).


Hispanic/Latino adults living doubled up were less likely to have their urine checked by a doctor for kidney disease compared with adults not in doubled-up households. Doubled-up status was not associated with diabetes self-management behaviors. Adults living doubled up in a household with other related adults had a 33% increased risk of ED visits compared with adults living doubled up in a household with adult children.


Health care settings where Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes receive trusted care should add housing characteristics such as doubled-up status to social-needs screening to identify residents in need of connecting with housing or social services and more targeted diabetes management services.

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