To examine sleep patterns in adults with maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY).
Adults with glucokinase (GCK)-MODY and transcription factor (TF)-related MODY (HNF1A, HNF1B, HNF4A) were recruited (n = 24; age 46.0 years, 79% women, BMI 24.7 kg/m2) from The University of Chicago’s Monogenic Diabetes Registry. Sleep patterns were assessed by 2-week wrist actigraphy (total 315 nights), one night of a home sleep apnea test, and validated surveys.
Overall, compared with established criteria, 29% of participants had sleep latency ≥15 min, 38% had sleep efficiency ≤85%, 46% had wake after sleep onset >40 min, all indicating poor objective sleep quality. Among all participants, 54% had a sleep duration below the recommended minimum of 7 h, 88% reported poor sleep quality, 58% had obstructive sleep apnea, and 71% reported insomnia. Compared with GCK-MODY, participants with TF-related MODY had poorer objective sleep quality and increased night-to-night variability in sleep patterns.
Sleep disturbances appear to be common in adults with MODY despite absent traditional risk factors for sleep disorders. Future research investigating the sleep-diabetes relationship is warranted in this population.
This article contains supplementary material online at https://doi.org/10.2337/figshare.21753662.