Nonnutritive sweeteners have been utilized in the diet of diabetic patients an an agent to replace glucose and sucrose. Since saccharin might be removed from the marketplace, the nutritive sweeteners fructose, xylitol, and sorbitol are being considered as possible alternatives for glucose and sucrose. This review considers the effects of these nutritive sweeteners on the main dietary concerns in the diabetic diet—control of blood glucose levels, obesity, and hyperlipidemia. The potential side effects of these agents are also reviewed.
Use of Fructose, Xylitol, or Sorbitol as a Sweetener in Diabetes Mellitus
J. D. Brunzell is the Chairman of the Committee on Food and Nutrition of the American Diabetes Association. This review was prepared at the request of and approved by the Scientific Affairs Panel of the Executive Committee of the American Diabetes Association consisting of Norbert Freinkel, President; Fred W. Whitehouse, President-elect; Ronald A. Arky, Vice President; and Donnell D. Etzwiler, Past President
John D Brunzell; Use of Fructose, Xylitol, or Sorbitol as a Sweetener in Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care 1 July 1978; 1 (4): 223–230. https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.1.4.223
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