The primary purpose of this study was to assess the effects of 12 weeks of treatment with either troglitazone, an investigational thiazolidinedione that acts as an insulin-action enhancer, or placebo in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).


A total of 51 subjects with IGT between 24 and 77 years of age were enrolled in this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study (troglitazone, 25 patients; placebo, 26 patients). Patients were randomly assigned to receive either 400 mg troglitazone (every morning [QAM]) or placebo (QAM). The main outcome measure was the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) assessing glucose, insulin, and C-peptide levels in the fasting state and every 30 min up to 2 h after ingesting the glucose load. Fasting serum levels of HbA1c, fructosamine, lipids, and blood pressure were also measured.


A total of 46 patients completed the study. The glucose, insulin, and C-peptide responses after a glucose load were significantly reduced at 6 and 12 weeks in the troglitazone treatment group. After 6 weeks of treatment, 75% (n = 18) of those taking troglitazone had improved to normal glucose tolerance, whereas only 38% (n = 9) of those of placebo showed improvement (P = 0.008). After 12 weeks of treatment, 80% (n = 16) of the troglitazone treatment group had normalized their glucose tolerance, while only 48% (n = 10) of those on placebo had converted to normal (P = 0.016). Fasting triglyceride levels in the troglitazone treatment group had decreased by 40 mg/dl (0.45 mmol/l) (P = 0.0016). Other lipid measurements, blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, and fructosamine were normal at baseline for both treatment groups and remained normal throughout the study.


The glycemic response after a glucose load is statistically and clinically significantly improved for patients with IGT treated with troglitazone.

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