OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical performance of the Glucometer Elite XL Diabetes Care System in neonatal settings using a multicenter study RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 388 blood specimens from 333 neonates were included in the study. A capillary or arterial sample was analyzed for determination of glucose with the Glucometer Elite XL system by an attending trained nurse. Through the same sampling site, a specimen was collected and sent to the laboratory for measurement of plasma glucose, bilirubin, and hematocrit. RESULTS: The regression analysis between the results of the Glucometer Elite XL system and comparative methods resulted in the following: Glucometer Elite XL meter = 1.01 x laboratory method + 0.02 mmol/l (n = 388). For the 1.1-4.0 mmol/l plasma glucose range, the regression was Glucometer Elite XL meter = 1.07 x laboratory method + 0.12 mmol/l (n = 150). A difference plot indicated a mean bias of 0.04 mmol/l (95% CI -0.01 to 0.10). No relationship was found between meter glucose biases and hematocrit levels (r = 0.10, P = 0.14). Although a statistically significant correlation existed between bilirubin levels and the glucose meter biases (r = 0.14, P = 0.005), the predicted mean biases were of little clinical significance. CONCLUSIONS: The Glucometer Elite XL system showed a good performance when used in neonatal settings.