The relationship between control and serum lipids was examined in 147 children with juvenile-onset diabetes (JOD). Control was assessed by fasting blood glucose, 24-h urine glucose, and fast hemoglobin. There was a significant positive correlation (P < 0.001) between each of the measures of control. Serum cholesterol (P < 0.001), triglycerides (P < 0.001), and low-density lipoprotein plus very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P < 0.001) were strongly positively correlated with control for the whole group of patients. High-density lipoprotein was not significantly correlated with control when the data for the whole group were analyzed but was significantly positively correlated with fasting blood glucose when patients were analyzed individually.

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