This retrospective cohort study investigated the longer-term hyperglycemic effects of intra-articular corticosteroid (IACS) administration by evaluating changes in A1C after large joint IACS injection. Among 1,169 patients (mean age 66.1 ± 12.2 years, 52.8% female), 184 (15.7%) experienced a greater-than-expected rise in A1C (actual A1C ≥0.5% above predicted) after IACS. Greater-than-expected rise in A1C was associated solely with baseline A1C (odds ratio [OR] 1.84, 95% CI 1.08–3.13 for baseline A1C of 7.0–8.0% compared with <7.0% and OR 4.79, 95% CI 2.83–8.14 for baseline A1C >8.0% compared with <7.0%). Although most patients do not experience an increase in A1C after IACS, clinicians should counsel patients with suboptimally controlled diabetes about risks of further hyperglycemia after IACS administration.

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