The exon copy number variant in the haptoglobin gene is associated with cardiovascular and kidney disease. For stroke, previous research is inconclusive. We aimed to study the relationship between the haptoglobin Hp1/2 genotype and stroke in individuals with type 1 diabetes from the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy Study. We included two partially overlapping cohorts: one with haptoglobin genotypes determined using genotyping for 179 individuals with stroke and 517 matched control subjects, and the other using haptoglobin genotype imputation for a larger cohort of 500 individuals with stroke and 3,806 individuals without stroke. We observed no difference in the Hp1-1, Hp2-1, and Hp2-2 genotype frequencies between individuals with or without stroke, neither in the genotyping nor the imputation cohorts. Haptoglobin genotypes were also not associated with the ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke subtypes. In our imputed haptoglobin cohort, 61% of individuals with stroke died during follow-up. However, the risk of death was not related to the haptoglobin genotype. Diabetic kidney disease and cardiovascular events were common in the cohort, but the haptoglobin genotypes were not associated with stroke when stratified by these complications. To conclude, the Hp1/2 genotypes did not affect the risk of stroke or survival after stroke in our cohort with type 1 diabetes.
This article contains supplementary material online at https://doi.org/10.2337/figshare.20804689.
N.S. and L.M.T. contributed equally.
Members of the FinnDiane Study Group can be found in supplementary material.