Chronic hyperglycemia increases pancreatic β-cell metabolic activity, contributing to glucotoxicity-induced β-cell failure and loss of functional β-cell mass, potentially in multiple forms of diabetes. In this perspective we discuss the novel paradoxical and counterintuitive concept of inhibiting glycolysis, particularly by targeted inhibition of glucokinase, the first enzyme in glycolysis, as an approach to maintaining glucose sensing and preserving functional β-cell mass, thereby improving insulin secretion, in the treatment of diabetes.

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at https://www.diabetesjournals.org/journals/pages/license.
You do not currently have access to this content.