The Friend erythroleukemia cell has an insulin receptor with all the properties of mammalian insulin receptors: rapid, reversible, and saturable binding of insulin; specific for insulin and insulin analogs; inversely proportional to temperatures; sharply pH dependent (optimum = 8.0); and demonstrated ligand-induced accelerated dissociation consistent with negative cooperativity. There were 17,200 sites per cell. After induction by dimethylsulfoxide, 80% of the cells became benzidine positive (i.e., contained hemoglobin). The receptor concentration dropped to 4300 sites per cell, while the remaining receptors retained all the initial binding characteristics. This loss of receptors could not be attributed directly to either dimethylsulfoxide or changes in cell size. Thus, during the process of differentiation, the concentration of insulin receptors in the Friend erythroleukemia cell decreases.

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