The influence of L 364718 on islet responsiveness to sulfated cholecystokinin (CCK-8S) was investigated. In islets whose inositol-containing phospholipids were prelabeled during a 2-h incubation period, subsequent exposure to L 364718 (1 nM) significantly impaired the secretion of insulin usually noted in response to 200 nM CCK-8S in the simultaneous presence of 7 mM glucose. A higher level of the antagonist (10 nM) completely abolished insulin secretion. L 364718 (1-10 nM) reduced the efflux of 3H from myo-[2-3H]-inositol prelabeled islets in parallel with the reduction in secretion. L 364718 (10 nM) significantly reduced the accumulation of 3H-containing inositol phosphates usually noted with CCK-8S addition. L 364718, at levels 10- to 100-fold greater than those necessary to attenuate CCK-8S–induced insulin secretion, had no adverse effect on the insulin secretory response of freshly isolated islets to 10 mM glucose alone, 5 mM D-glyceraldehyde, 15 mM α-ketoisocaproate, or 50 ng/ml gastric inhibitory polypeptide. L 364718 (1000 nM) had no adverse influence on carbamylcholine (1 mM)–induced phosphoinositide hydrolysis. These results establish L 364718 as a potent and highly selective antagonist of cholecystokinin's stimulatory actions on βc-ells. Because of its potency, selectivity, and oral effectiveness, in vivo studies with L 364718, aimed at unraveling the pleiotropic effects of CCK-8S on glucose and insulin homeostasis, seem feasible.

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