Islets isolated from human cadaver pancreas were pulse-labeled (10 min with [3H]leucine) and then incubated for a 180-min chase. Islets and chase medium were collected every 15 min and analyzed by reversed-phase HPLC to quantify the percentage of radioactively labeled proinsulin, conversion intermediates, and fully processed insulin. Release of proinsulin-related labeled products into the chase medium was < 10% of total. Whereas 50% of labeled proinsulin had been lost by conversion within 45 min, fully processed insulin only appeared with a half-time of 100 min. This discrepancy is attributable to accumulation of radioactive conversion intermediates. Des 64.65 split proinsulin was a minor component, reaching a maximum of 5.2 ± 1.7% (n = 4) at 60 min of chase. By contrast, des 31.32 split proinsulin—and a truncated form lacking the first three residues of C-peptide—rose progressively to 29.3 ± 1.4% by 75 min, and declined thereafter. The accumulation of des 31.32 split proinsulin rather than the des 64.65 split form during the conversion of human proinsulin reflects slower conversion at the C-peptide/A-chain than at the B-chain/C-peptide junction, and is consistent with the appearance of this particular conversion intermediate in the circulation.
Kinetics of Proinsulin Conversion in Human Islets
Stéphane Sizonenko, Jean-Claude Irminger, Léo Buhler, Shaoping Deng, Philippe Morel, Philippe A Halban; Kinetics of Proinsulin Conversion in Human Islets. Diabetes 1 June 1993; 42 (6): 933–936. https://doi.org/10.2337/diab.42.6.933
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