Identification a-priori of subjects at high risk of progression from prediabetes to diabetes may enable targeted delivery of interventional programs, while avoiding the burden of prevention and treatment in those at low risk. This study relies on the NHS THIN database cohort of 2,761,222 persons with at least 2 glucose measurements during an average follow-up of 6 years. Prediabetes was diagnosed in 470,107 persons, with 4.8% of them progressing annually to diabetes. We constructed a non-linear model identifying those at high risk of annual progression based on all available patient data and history. The major variables contributing to the model were glucose, HbA1c, BMI, age and gender. Using the clinically acceptable cutoffs of HbA1c≥6.0% and/or glucose≥110mg/dl identified 76.5% of those who actually progressed to diabetes (sensitivity), while labelling 33.2% of the population as high risk (positivity rate). Setting our model at the same sensitivity yielded a lower positivity rate of 22.0%, thereby identifying the same number of progressors while labelling a significantly smaller population as high risk. The predictive ability of our model was superior to simple logistic regression based on glucose, HbA1c, BMI, age and gender as well (Table).

In conclusion, our algorithm enables judicious selection of the target population for a clinical intervention, with a higher positive predictive value, thus leading to cost saving.


A. Cahn: Advisory Panel; Self; AstraZeneca, Novo Nordisk Inc.. Research Support; Self; AstraZeneca. Consultant; Self; GlucoMe. Stock/Shareholder; Self; GlucoMe. Advisory Panel; Self; Eli Lilly and Company. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Novo Nordisk Inc., Eli Lilly and Company, AstraZeneca. Advisory Panel; Self; Sanofi. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Sanofi. Advisory Panel; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.. Consultant; Self; medial early sign. A. Shoshan: Employee; Self; Medial Research. T. Sagiv: Employee; Self; Medial EarlySign. R. Yesharim: None. I. Raz: Advisory Panel; Self; AstraZeneca. Consultant; Self; AstraZeneca. Speaker's Bureau; Self; AstraZeneca. Advisory Panel; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH. Advisory Panel; Self; Eli Lilly and Company. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Eli Lilly and Company. Stock/Shareholder; Self; DarioHealth. Advisory Panel; Self; Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., Novo Nordisk Inc.. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Novo Nordisk Inc.. Advisory Panel; Self; Orgenesis Inc., Pfizer Inc., Sanofi R&D, SmartZyme Biopharma. Consultant; Self; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Johnson & Johnson Diabetes Institute, LLC., Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., Novartis Pharma K.K., Sanofi-Aventis. Consultant; Self; FuturRx Ltd, Insuline Medical,Camereyes Ltd, Exscopia, Medial EarlySign Ltd. Stock/Shareholder; Self; Glucome Ltd, InsuLine Medical Ltd.. Consultant; Self; Dermal Biomics Inc. Stock/Shareholder; Self; Orgenesis Inc.. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.. Advisory Panel; Self; Concenter BioPharma/Silkim Ltd, Camereyes Ltd. Stock/Shareholder; Self; CameraEyes Ltd. Advisory Panel; Self; Breath of Life PharmaLtd, Panaxia. R. Goshen: Consultant; Self; Medial EarlySign Ltd..

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at