Introduction: Metabolic surgery, including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG), is the only proven means of sustained weight loss and type diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remission/control but data are limited in China.
Method: Patients underwent laparoscopic RYGB or SG at 6 Chinese sites from Aug 2014 to Jan 2016 and returned for follow-up regularly after surgery. We evaluated the impact on a composite measure of glycemic control, which was defined as Complete Remission: HbA1c < 6% and FPG < 5.6 mmol/L for 1 year absent antidiabetic medications; Partial Remission: HbA1c 6 - 6.4% and FPG 5.6 - 6.9 mmol/L for 1 year absent antidiabetic medications; Improvement: Reduction in HbA1c (> 1%) or FPG (>1.4 mmol/L) or reduction accompanied by a decrease in antidiabetic medication for at least 1 year; Unchanged: Absence of remission or improvement; Recurrence: HbA1c or FPG in the diabetic range or need for antidiabetic medication after initial remission.
Results: There were 101 procedures completed. The mean (±SD) age of the patients was 37.1±9.7 years, and 52% were women. The mean BMI was 35.0±5.0 and mean HbA1c was 8.1±1.7% at baseline. Outcomes at 2-year follow-up were available for 80 patients (63 RYGB and 17 SG) and showed substantial improvements. Complete or partial remission at 2 years was achieved in at least 83% of patients in two groups (33 [53.2%] and19 [30.6%] in RYGB; 12 [70.6%] and 3 [17.6%] in SG), less than 5% were unchanged and recurrence was not seen in either group. There was a significant reduction in HbA1c from baseline in both RYGB and SG (-2.4 ± 1.8% [P>0.001] and -2.1 ± 1.8% [P>0.001]). Concurrent significant improvements in cardiometabolic parameters such as triglycerides and blood pressure, and reductions in antidiabetic medication usage were also observed.
Conclusion: The 2 years data demonstrate a clinically meaningful impact on a composite measure of glycemic control with a majority of patients demonstrating complete remission of T2DM in both groups.
Y. Bao: None. H. Liang: None. P. Zhang: None. C. Wang: None. T. Jiang: None. N. Zhang: None. J. Zhu: None. H. Yu: None. J. Han: None. S. Lin: None. J. Yang: None. W. Yang: None. S. Chen: None. D. Du: None. Y. Ma: None. E.J. Fegelman: Employee; Self; Ethicon US, LLC. M. Schwiers: Employee; Self; Ethicon, Inc. J. Waggoner: Employee; Self; Ethicon, Inc. T. Yang: Employee; Self; Johnson & Johnson Medical Devices Companies. R. Zhang: None. W. Jia: None.