Background: Racial differences in diabetes control and cardiovascular disease risk factors have been reported in youth with diabetes, with minority youth having worse glycemic control and comorbidities compared with non-Hispanic white (NHW) peers.
Methods: We examined racial differences in comorbidities in youth (<21 years at enrollment) with T2D (N=1217, 63% females) enrolled in the PDC Registry from February 2012 to June 2018. Demographic and clinical data collected from medical records and participant self-report were compared using logistic and linear regression models adjusted for relevant confounders.
Results: The mean age at presentation was 13.4 ± 2.4 years, and mean BMI Z-score was 2.30 ± 0.45. African-American (AA) and Hispanic (H) youth had higher HbA1c and lower C-peptide at diagnosis compared to NHW, with AA 3 times as likely to present in DKA compared with NHW. Microalbuminuria was present in 11%, hypertension in 34% and dyslipidemia in 42% with no significant differences in these comorbidities among racial groups. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was diagnosed in 9% and 11% of H and NHW, respectively vs. 2% in AA (Table).
Conclusion: Minority youth with T2D presented with worse metabolic control compared with NHW, with higher rates of DKA in AA youth. Comorbidities exist in a large percentage of youth with T2D independent of ethnicity, except for NAFLD being less prevalent in AA.
F. Bacha: Research Support; Self; National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Pediatric Diabetes Consortium. Other Relationship; Self; AstraZeneca, Jaeb Center for Health Research. P. Cheng: None. R.L. Gal: None. L.C. Beaulieu: None. C. Kollman: None. A. Adolph: None. I. Jindal: None. A.H. Shoemaker: Advisory Panel; Self; Rhythm Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Research Support; Self; AstraZeneca, GLWL Research Inc., Novo Nordisk Inc., Rhythm Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Soleno Therapeutics. R.M. Wolf: None. G.J. Klingensmith: Consultant; Self; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited. Research Support; Self; Novo Nordisk Foundation. Stock/Shareholder; Spouse/Partner; Dexcom, Inc. W.V. Tamborlane: Consultant; Self; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Eli Lilly and Company, Medtronic MiniMed, Inc., Novo Nordisk Inc., Sanofi, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited.
Boehringer Ingelheim; Novo Nordisk; Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited