The prevalence of hypogonadism in men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is higher than in population. Though, the function of adipose tissue in men with hypogonadism and T2DM is still unclear.
Aim: To study the function of adipose tissue in men with T2DM and functional hypogonadism.
Materials and Methods: We examined 272 men with T2DM (mean age 53.8±2.7 years). Randomization: 1 group - 148 men with hypogonadism, according to the European Association of Urology criteria 2015; 2 group - 124 patients, not having hypogonadism. The groups were comparable by age and treatment of diabetes. Patients underwent clinical examination, analysis of carbohydrate metabolism and markers of adipose tissue function, such as resistin, leptin, adiponectin. Statistical analysis was carried out using the Mann Whitney U-test.
Results: The analysis demonstrated that hypogonadal patients had a significantly higher body mass index, waist and hip circumferences. Levels of fasting glucose and HbA1c weren’t statistically different in two groups. At the same time, patients with hypogonadism had more pronounced hyperinsulinemia (16,2 [10,5; 30,2] vs. 12,7 [8,4; 21] μU/ml, p=0,002) and insulin resistance, calculated as HOMA-IR (6,2 [3,8; 11,0] vs. 4,6 [2,8; 7,0], p<0,001), compared to eugonadal men. The analysis revealed an increase in leptin (10,8 [7,2; 17,5] vs. 9,2 [5,8; 14,9] ng/ml, p=0,03) and resistin levels (7,5 [2,9; 13,3] vs. 3,8 [1,8; 6,5] ng/ml, p<0,001) in the 1st group compared to the 2nd. Contrary, levels of adiponectin (2,8 [0,5; 5,7] vs. 4,7 [0,8; 7,9] μg/ml, p=0.006) were higher in group 2 compared to the 1st one. Thus, despite the equal fasting glucose and HbA1c levels, men with T deficiency have more pronounced adipose tissue dysfunction compared to eugonadal men having T2DM.
Conclusion: T deficiency leads to adipose tissue dysfunction in men with T2DM.
I.A. Khripun: None. S.V. Vorobyev: None. E.V. Bova: None.
Russian Science Foundation (14-25-00052)