Introduction: T2DM and HIV independently confer an increased risk of CV adverse events. We aimed to evaluate the effect of newer oral antidiabetic medications (GLP-1 RA/SGLT2i) on CV outcomes in adults with HIV and T2DM.
Methods: Using a national database (IBM Explorys Solutions, IBM, Inc.), we searched for cases (HIV + T2DM patients on GLP-1 RA/SGLT2i and metformin) and controls (HIV + T2DM patients on metformin alone). We calculated comparative odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the risk of association of GLP-1 RA/SGLT2i use and incident CV adverse events, namely myocardial infarction (MI) and acute heart failure (AHF).
Results: Out of a total of 61,917,780 patients in Explorys, 29,920 had both HIV and T2DM. Patients on GLP-1 RA or SGLT2i were significantly less likely to experience an incident adverse CV event when compared to controls (Table 1). When stratified by individual drug classes (either GLP-1 RA or SGLT2i), patients on the newer antidiabetic medications were still significantly less likely to experience an adverse CV event in comparison to metformin alone (Table 1).
Conclusion: GLP-1 RA and SGLT2i seem to confer a protective effect against major adverse CV events such as MI and AHF in patients with both HIV and T2DM.
O.A. Alaber: None. A.K. Chandar: None. B.A. Dahash: None. A.C. Zuzek: None. A. Rajpal: None.