Although both average BMI and foods vary greatly between Asian and Western countries, few studies have examined the relationship between dietary patterns and obesity in Asians. We investigated dietary patterns significantly associated with obesity in Japanese with diabetes. Cross-sectionally analyzed were 2070 Japanese with type 2 diabetes (mean age, 62 y; men, 62%) who completed the Food Frequency Questionnaire. Principal component analysis was performed on 20 food groups to elucidate dietary patterns significantly associated with obesity. We also divided participants into quintiles according to factor scores of each dietary pattern. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for obesity, defined as BMI ≥25 according to the Asian cutoff, were calculated with other covariates including energy intake. Six dietary patterns were determined from eigenvalues (≥1) and screen plots. For Factor 1, characterized by a well-balanced food group with high intake of light-colored vegetables, green and yellow vegetables, sugar, seaweed, beans, fish and seafood, fruit and potato, the OR for obesity in Quintile5 compared to Quintile1 was 0.34 (95% CI: 0.22-0.53). Conversely, that of Factor 2, characterized by high intake of seasoning and spices, sugar-sweetened beverages, rice and eggs, was 2.56 (1.69-3.89) (Table).

In conclusion, a balanced diet with various food groups might help to avoid obesity in Japanese with type 2 diabetes.


M. Hatta: None. K. Fujihara: None. I. Ikeda: None. M. Takeuchi: None. R. Nedachi: None. S.Y. Morikawa: None. C. Horikawa: None. M. Kato: None. N. Kato: None. H. Maegawa: Speaker’s Bureau; Self; Astellas Pharma Inc., Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Daiichi Sankyo, Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation, Sanofi K.K., Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited. H. Sone: Research Support; Self; Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co., Ltd., Novartis AG, Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Taisho Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Takeda Pharmaceutical Co.

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at