We assessed the relative contributions of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NTBNP) and high sensitivity cardiac troponin (hsTnT) to the prediction of death and cardiovascular (CV) events in 5597 (with complete data) of 8561 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and CV disease (CVD) and/or chronic kidney disease (CKD) enrolled in the Aliskiren Trial in Type 2 Diabetes Using Cardiorenal Endpoints (ALTITUDE). We analysed Harrell’s C-statistics (Cs) to estimate Cox model performance to predict death (n= 473) and a CV composite outcome (CVCO: CV death, resuscitated cardiac arrest, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke or heart failure hospitalization, n= 1129) after a median follow-up of 2.6 years, using a base model (BM) of 19 clinical baseline variables. The Cs for predicting death in the BM (0.724) was augmented by adding hsTnT (0.744, p= 0.002) which was further improved by NTBNP (0.779, p <0.001). Similarly, the BM for predicting CVCO Cs (0.716) was improved by hsTnT (0.732, p= 0.001) and enhanced further by including NTBNP in the model (0.763, p <0.001). Notably, NTBNP by itself was as predictive as BM plus hsTNT for predicting death (both 0.744, p= 1.0) and the CVCO (0.732 vs. 0.721, p= 0.27). In patients with T2DM and CVD or/and CKD, NTBNP was the major prognostic factor and should be considered for risk stratification.
M.V.B. Malachias: Speaker’s Bureau; Self; Biolab Sanus Farmaceutica, Libbs Farmaceutica. P. Jhund: Advisory Panel; Self; Cytokinetics Inc. Research Support; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH. Speaker’s Bureau; Self; Novartis AG. Other Relationship; Self; AstraZeneca. B. Claggett: None. M.O. Wijkman: None. R. Bentley-Lewis: Consultant; Self; Novo Nordisk Inc. Research Support; Self; Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. P.C. Brunel: Consultant; Self; Novartis AG. N. Chaturvedi: Consultant; Self; AstraZeneca. A.S. Desai: Consultant; Self; Abbott, Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, AstraZeneca, Biofourmis, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Boston Scientific, DalCor Pharmaceuticals, Merck & Co., Inc., Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Relypsa, Inc. Research Support; Self; Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, AstraZeneca, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation. S.M. Haffner: None. H.D. Parving: None. M.F. Prescott: Employee; Self; Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation. S. Solomon: Consultant; Self; AstraZeneca, Theracos, Inc. Research Support; Self; AstraZeneca, Theracos, Inc. D. de Zeeuw: Advisory Panel; Self; AbbVie Inc., Bayer AG, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Fresenius Medical Care, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation. J.J. McMurray: Other Relationship; Self; AbbVie Inc., Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Amgen, AstraZeneca, Bayer Healthcare Pharmaceuticals Inc., Bristol-Myers Squibb, Cardurion, GlaxoSmithKline plc., Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Theracos, Inc. M.A. Pfeffer: Consultant; Self; AstraZeneca, CinCor, Correvio, Corvidia, DalCor Pharmaceuticals, GlaxoSmithKline plc., Innovative Science, Jazz Pharmaceuticals, MyoKardia, Inc., Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, Novo Nordisk Inc., PharmaScience, Sanofi US, Servier, Takeda Development Center Americas, Inc. Research Support; Self; Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation.
Novartis Pharmaceuticals (NCT00549757)