Background: Diabetes detection and treatment in married couples presents opportunities for designing dyadic interventions to improve screening and management.

Methods: Using data from 59237 heterosexual married couples (women: 18-49y, men: 21-54y) assessed in India’s National Family Health Survey (2015-16) , we estimated the diabetes care cascade as the percent diagnosed, treated, and controlled with measured high blood glucose (BG) by spouse’s diabetes status.

Results: The prevalence of high BG was 8.8% (men) and 14.2% (women) . In adults with high BG, the percent diagnosed, treated, and controlled was 22.6%, 18.7%, and 9.2% (men) and 22.5%, 18.0%, and 8.5% (women) , respectively. Of adults with high BG, the prevalence of diabetes diagnosis was higher in men (prevalence ratio [PR]: 1.85 [1.37, 2.49]) and women (PR: 2.03 [1.47, 2.8]) whose spouse was diagnosed (ref=spouse undiagnosed) . Among the diagnosed, the prevalence of being treated for diabetes did not differ by their spouse’s diagnosis status in men or women. Among the treated, the prevalence of blood glucose control was higher in women (PR: 1.45, [0.93, 2.25]) , but not men (PR: 0.96 [0.66, 1.40]) , whose spouse was diagnosed (ref=spouse undiagnosed) .

Conclusions: Spouse’s diabetes was associated with higher probability of detection of diabetes but not with treatment. Outreach among couples may improve medical management of diabetes in India.


J.Varghese: None. S.A.Patel: Research Support; Johnson & Johnson.

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