Time-restricted eating (TRE) is a dietary pattern in which daily food intake is restricted to a 6-h period without any caloric intake for the rest of the day. TRE improves glucose homeostasis in animal models even independent of weight loss and calorie intake. However, the weight-loss independent effect of TRE on glucose homeostasis in people remains debatable. We conducted a pilot study to investigate whether TRE without weight loss improves glycemic control and insulin sensitivity in women with prediabetes. Participants were randomized to the TRE (9-h daily eating period) or Control group (15-h daily eating period) for 12 weeks. We studied five participants (TRE n = 3 and Control n = 2) with overweight/obesity, prediabetes, and habitual daily eating period greater than 14 hours ([means and SD] age 50 ± 16 years, BMI 31 ± 5 kg/m2) . The daily eating period decreased in the TRE group (13.8 ± 0.5 vs. 8.5 ± 0.5 h) , but not in the Control group (13.9 ± 0.9 vs. 14.1 ± 1.1 h) . Participants’ weight, diet composition, and number of eating occasions remained unchanged during the study period for both groups. Glycemic control in free-living conditions assessed by using continuous glucose monitoring tended to improve in the TRE group (24-h area under the curve for interstitial glucose concentration: 2572 ± 286 vs. 2161 ± 216 mg/dl/24 h) , but not in the Control group (23± 59 vs. 2374 ± 2mg/dl/24 h) . Skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity assessed by using a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp procedure tended to increase in the TRE group (median and IQR: 27 (21, 37) vs. 34 (27, 41) μmol/kg/min) , but not in the Control group (41 ± 9 vs. 36 ± μmol/kg/min) . These preliminary results suggest that TRE may lead to weight-loss-independent improvements in glycemic control and insulin sensitivity in women with prediabetes. Further ongoing research will establish the effect of TRE without weight loss on glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity in people at high risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus.
M.Chondronikola: None. S.Zhu: None. P.Surampudi: n/a. B.Roshanravan: None. C.Sanchez: None.
NIH-UL1-TR001860, Clinical and Translational Science Center-Highly Innovative Pilot Award and USDA NationalInstitute of Food and Agriculture, Hatch project numberCA-D-NTR-2618-H