Arginine, leucine, or histidine, and glucose were each administered intravenously, in 30-gm. amounts on separate occasions to the same healthy subjects. Each of the amino acids and glucose in these same amounts were administered also as mixtures. Synergism in the stimulation of the release of insulin was demonstrated when the sum of the increases in plasma insulin which resulted from the separate administrations of an amino acid and glucose was exceeded by that obtained when they were administered as a mixture. A synergistic effect was exerted by each of the three amino acid-glucose combinations; it was greatest with arginine and glucose and least with histidine and glucose. Synergism probably results from the effects of these stimuli upon the pancreatic beta cell; it is not dependent upon humoral gastrointestinal factors released after the ingestion of these nutrients.
Synergistic Effect of Essential Amino Acids and Glucose upon Insulin Secretion in Man
John C Floyd, Stefan S Fajans, Sumer Pek, Charles A Thiffault, Ralph F Knopf, Jerome W Conn; Synergistic Effect of Essential Amino Acids and Glucose upon Insulin Secretion in Man. Diabetes 1 February 1970; 19 (2): 109–115. https://doi.org/10.2337/diab.19.2.109
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