The findings in three children with ocular palsies are reported in this paper. Two had insulin-requiring diabetes and one demonstrated only an abnormal I.V. glucose tolerance test. In the first patient the condition resolved in four weeks; in the second it had not fully resolved after 21 months, and in the third patient surgery was required for correction after seven months. We suggest that any child who develops a sudden ocular palsy should be examined for diabetes mellitus.

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