Over 50 years of experience with pregnancy in diabetic women is reviewed. In particular, the maternal and fetal survival in mothers with either microvascular or macrovascular disease is considered. This includes White classes E, F, R, RF, H, and T. In this group of patients with vascular disease, maternal survival during pregnancy is virtually 100 per cent with the exception of class H (ischemie heart disease). Fetal survival has steadily improved throughout the time period examined, but is still considerably below that of pregnancies occurring in women without vascular disease. Long-term maternal survival is adversely affected by the first decade after delivery.

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