We have developed a methodology for measuring the reproducibility of the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and the intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) in normal subjects and in offspring of conjugal diabetic parents.

Both groups of subjects revealed more striking correlations of several parameters of blood glucose and insulin secretion between two IVGTTs than between two OGTTs. Employing arbitrary criteria, we calculated a “reproducibility index” as a quantitative measure of blood glucose variability in each subject. No significant difference was found in the reproducibility of OGTT versus IVGTT, nor in normals versus the offspring. Only about 50 per cent of the tests in normals and in the offspring could be considered to be “reproducible.”

The offspring revealed greater correlations of several parameters, particularly insulin secretion, between the two IVGTTs and between the two OGTTs as compared with the normal group. However, the blood glucose variations tended to be considerably greater in the offspring from one to the other test.

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