Fat feeding stimulated the release of gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) without concomitant insulin secretion. Since antilipolytic effects of GIP have been demonstrated and the uptake of triglyceride fatty acid by adipose tissue postprandially is a process reciprocally regulated with lipolysis, a stimulatory role of GIP on adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase activity may be present. After cultured preadipocytes were incubated for 2 h with GIP, the release of lipoprotein lipase activity into the culture medium and the total cellular activity present in acetone-ether powders of cells were measured. GIP stimulated significant increases in the lipoprotein lipase activity released into the culture medium and in cells. A dose response relationship was strongest for the effect of GIP on the enzyme activity in extracts of acetone-ether powders of the cells. The increased lipoprotein lipase activity produced by GIP could provide a mechanism for clearance of chylomicron triglyceride after feeding in man.

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