The effect of glucose and insulin on fat- and glucose-induced gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) release has been studied in insulin-dependent juvenile-type diabetics. Blood glucose and serum immunoreactive GIP (IR-GIP) were measured after an oral load of 100 g glucose or 100 g fat was given and during an infusion of one of the following: saline, glucose, glucose plus insulin, or insulin. The infusion of insulin alone (in the presence of elevated glucose levels) or together with glucose significantly suppressed the IR-GIP rise after fat ingestion, but it did not alter the GIP response to oral glucose. Intravenous infusion of glucose had a slight but significant inhibitory effect on fat-stimulated increase of IR-GIP, which cannot be related to endogenous insulin release in these insulin-deficient diabetics. It is suggested that an insulin-mediated increase of glucose utilization in the GIP cell interferes only with increased GIP secretion stimulated by the utilization of fatty acids but not of glucose. This could explain the existence of a negative feedback control between insulin and GIP secretion for fat but not for glucose-induced GIP release.

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