The effects of glucose on the nonenzymatic glycosylation and thermal rupture time of rat tail collagen were examined by (1) in vitro incubation of collagen fibers in glucose and (2) in vivo in diabetic rats. In vitro, glucose caused a dose-dependent rise in both nonenzymatic glycosylation and thermal rupture time and there was a good correlation between these two parameters (r = 0.68, P < 0.0001). Aspirin, a known inhibitor of nonenzymatic glycosylation, was effective in preventing the glucose-induced rise in nonenzymatic glycosylation and thermal rupture time when present at concentrations of 0.78, 1.56, and 3.12 mM. Sodium salicylate at concentrations of 1.56 and 3.12 mM was also effective. In vivo, the nonenzymatic glycosylation and thermal rupture time of collagen fibers were both increased by 2–3-fold in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes of 4 wk duration. Aspirin or sodium salicylate treatment for 4 wk (240 mg/kg/day) from the onset of diabetes was able to prevent the rise in thermal rupture time without affecting nonenzymatic glycosylation of collagen or glycosylated hemoglobin levels. Aspirin or sodium salicylate treatment did not have detectable effect on properties of collagen in normal rats. The in vitro findings are consistent with the hypothesis that nonenzymatic glycosylation leads to the increased thermal stability of collagen fibers. The significance of nonenzymatic glycosylation in vivo is less certain, as thermal rupture time can be altered independently. The action of aspirin and sodium salicylate in vivo suggests new therapeutic options in the prevention and treatment of diabetic complications.
The Effect of Salicylates on Nonenzymatic Glycosylation and Thermal Stability of Collagen in Diabetic Rats
D K Yue, S McLennan, D J Handelsman, L Delbridge, T Reeve, J R Turtle; The Effect of Salicylates on Nonenzymatic Glycosylation and Thermal Stability of Collagen in Diabetic Rats. Diabetes 1 August 1984; 33 (8): 745–751. https://doi.org/10.2337/diab.33.8.745
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