Vitamin E content and biosynthesis of 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE) havebeen measured in platelets from type I diabetic subjects and age- and sex-matched, nondiabetic control subjects. Platelets from diabetic subjects synthesized significantly greater quantities of 12-HETE than did platelets from control subjects when 12-HETE synthesis was induced by thrombin or collagen, either in the presence or absence of indomethacin. Platelet conversion of exogenouslyadded arachidonic acid (AA) to 12-HETE was not significantly different between the diabetic and control groups in the absence of indomethacin, although a small but significant increase in the conversion of AA to 12-HETE was present in the diabetic group platelets when indomethacin was addedto the reaction. Vitamin E content was significantly reduced in platelets from the diabetic subjects, when compared with platelets from the control subjects, although plasma vitamin E levels were not significantly different between the two groups. Thrombin- and collagen-induced platelet 12-HETE synthesis demonstrated a significant negative linear correlation with platelet vitamin E content when measurements from both diabetic and control groups were combined. The above data suggest a relationship between low vitamin E content and increased 12-HETE synthesis in platelets from type I diabetic subjects.

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