A second mutant insulin, identified as [SerB24]-insulin, has a highly hydrophilic character. To determine the biologic activity and the degradation of this mutant insulin, human [SerB24]- and [SerB25]-insulin analogues were semisynthesized from porcine insulin by an enzyme-assisted coupling method. All of the following studies on isolated rat adipocytes were performed at 37°C to directly correlate the binding potency and the biologic activity. The ability of these insulins to displace 125I-porcine insulin bound to adipocytes was 0.5–2% and 1–4%, respectively, of porcine insulin. When the ability of these insulins to stimulate glucose transport and glucose oxidation was measured, both analogues had full activity at high concentrations (250 ng/ml). However, ED50 of the porcine, [SerB24]-, and [SerB25]-insulins tostimulate glucose transport was 0.37 ± 0.05, 46.3 ± 5.4, and 23.3 ± 5.5 ng/ml, respectively. Similarly, for glucose oxidation, ED50 was 0.38 ± 0.06, 33.8 ± 3.6, and 16.6 ± 3.4 ng/ml, respectively. Thus, the biologic activity of [SerB24]- and [SerB25]-insulins was reduced to 0.5–2% and 1–4% of that of porcine insulin, which was compatible with our previous studies under different conditions. No antagonistic effects were observed for either analogue. Degradation of 125I-labeled [SerB24]- and [SerB25]-insulins was also decreased to 62.8% and 55.8%, respectively, of 125I-porcine insulin. These results confirm the importance of the hydrophobic residues at B24 and B25 in the biologic activity of insulin; the patient having this hydrophilic insulin was considered to be in an insulinopenic state despite the hyperinsulinemia due to decreased degradation of the mutant insulin.
Decreased Biologic Activity and Degradation of Human [SerB24]-Insulin, a Second Mutant Insulin
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Masakazu Haneda, Masashi Kobayashi, Hiroshi Maegawa, Nobuaki Watanabe, Yasumitsu Takata, Osamu Ishibashi, Yukio Shigeta, Ken Inouye; Decreased Biologic Activity and Degradation of Human [SerB24]-Insulin, a Second Mutant Insulin. Diabetes 1 June 1985; 34 (6): 568–573. https://doi.org/10.2337/diab.34.6.568
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