The effects of sulfated cholecystokinin (CCK-8S) and glucose on insulin secretion and polyphosphoinositide (PPI) metabolism were studied in isolated rat islets. Both agonists stimulate PPI hydrolysis, inositol phosphate accumulation, 3H efflux from [3H]inositol-prelabeled tissue, and 45Ca efflux from prelabeled cells. However, the effects ofCCK-8S on PPI metabolism are considerably greater than those of glucose. Furthermore, the effectsof CCK-8S on PPI and Ca2+ metabolism are observed whether islets are incubated in either 2.75 or 7 mM glucose, but CCK-8S only stimulates insulin secretion (a biphasic response) when the higher glucose concentration is present. Addition of 1 μM forskolin to islets incubated in media containing 2.75 mM glucose does not influence basal insulin secretion but sensitizes the islets to the action of CCK-8S. In the presence of forskolin, CCK-8S induces a very marked first phase but no second phase of insulin secretion. We postulate that CCK-8S acts in this tissue via receptor-linked PPI hydrolysis, leading to an inositol trisphosphate-induced Ca2+ efflux. These receptor- mediated effects of CCK-8S are not altered either by the ambient glucose concentration or the cAMP content of the islets, but these two factors determine the responsiveness of the islets (in terms of insulin secretion) to a given CCK-8S signal.

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