Myocardial insulin responsiveness was determined in open-chest pentobarbital sodium-anesthetized dogs before and after endotoxin administration. Animals were instrumented to measure mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), heart rate (HR), and coronary blood flow. Myocardial glucose uptake and myocardial oxygen uptake (MVO2) were determined during a basal control period and after a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp procedure over a wide range of insulin concentrations. The clamp was accomplished by intravenously infusing insulin (0–4000 mU/min) and 20% glucose in sufficient amounts to maintain arterialglucose concentrations within 5 mg/dl of the control value. In a separate series of experiments, myocardial insulin responsiveness was determined by use of a single dose of insulin (4000 mU/min). This was done to determine whether antecedent insulin infusions during the sequential clamp procedure would affect the responsiveness of the heart. In control experiments, myocardial glucose uptake increased without any changes in HR, MVO2, or MABP. Maximum myocardial glucose uptake occurred at an insulin infusion rate between 400 and 4000 mU/min. A single concentration of insulin resulted in similar increases in myocardial glucose uptake as with the sequential clamp protocol. Acute endotoxin shock was induced by bolus injection of 1 mg/kg Salmonella typhimurium endotoxin (Difco Labs, Detroit, MI). One hour after administration of endotoxin, basal myocardial glucose uptake was decreased compared with the control animals. After 1 h of endotoxin shock, the heart was refractory to all concentrations of insulin, suggesting the site for altered insulin response was being mediated by a postreceptor mechanism.

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