Isolated human pancreatic islets converted [3H8]arachidonate to compounds with the high-performance liquid-chromatographic mobility of cyclooxygenase products, including prostaglandin E2(PGE2), PGF, and the lipoxygenase product 12-HETE. Human islet synthesis of PGE2, PGF, and 12-HETE from endogenous arachidonate was demonstrated with stable isotope dilution-gas chromatographic-negative ion-chemical ionization-mass spectrometric analysis. Pharmacologie inhibition of arachidonate metabolism by both lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase pathways with BW 755C strongly suppressed glucose-induced insulin secretion from perifused human islets, and the selective cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin enhanced insulin secretion. These findings are similar to those reported for islets isolated from rats and suggest that arachidonate metabolites may modulate glucose-induced insulin secretion in humans.

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