To examine the relationship between the magnitude of the negative arterial-portal glucose gradient and net hepatic glucose uptake, two groups of 42-h fasted, conscious dogs were infused with somatostatin, to suppress endogenous insulin and glucagon secretion, and the hormones were replaced intraportally to create hyperinsulinemia (3- to 4-fold basal) and basal glucagon levels. The hepatic glucose load to the liver was doubled and different negative arterial-portal glucose gradients were established by altering the ratio between portal and peripheral vein glucose infusions. In protocol 1 (n = 6) net hepatic glucose uptake was 42.2 ± 6.7, 35.0 ± 3.9, and 33.3 ± 4.4 μmol · kg−1 · min−1 at arterial-portal plasma glucose gradients of −4.1 ± 0.9, −1.8 ± 0.4, and −0.8 ± 0.1 mM, respectively. In protocol 2 (n = 6) net hepatic glucose uptake was 26.1 ± 2.8 and 12.2 ± 1.7 μmol · kg−1 · min−1 at arterial-portal plasma glucose gradients of −0.9 ± 0.2 and −0.4 ± 0.1 mM, respectively. No changes in the hepatic insulin or glucose loads were evident within a given protocol. Although net hepatic glucose uptake was lower in protocol 2 when compared with protocol 1 (26.1 ± 2.8 vs. 33.3 ± 4.4 μmol · kg−1 · min−1) in the presence of a similar arterial-portal plasma glucose gradient (−0.9 vs. −0.8 mM) the difference could be attributed to the hepatic glucose load being lower in protocol 2 (i.e., hepatic fractional glucose extraction was not significantly different) primarily as a result of lower hepatic blood flow. In conclusion, in the presence of fixed hepatic glucose and insulin loads, the magnitude of the negative arterial-portal glucose gradient can modify net hepatic glucose uptake in vivo.
Magnitude of Negative Arterial-Portal Glucose Gradient Alters Net Hepatic Glucose Balance in Conscious Dogs
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Michael J Pagliassotti, Sharon R Myers, Mary C Moore, Doss W Neal, Alan D Cherrington; Magnitude of Negative Arterial-Portal Glucose Gradient Alters Net Hepatic Glucose Balance in Conscious Dogs. Diabetes 1 December 1991; 40 (12): 1659–1668. https://doi.org/10.2337/diab.40.12.1659
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