Disturbances in the balance of CD4+ helper T-lymphocytes expressing the surface molecules CD45RA and CD45R0, which define naive and memory populations, respectively, are present at diagnosis of type I diabetes. In a prospective study over 10 years, these subsets were analyzed in samples obtained from 18 identical twins of patients with type I diabetes, 8 of whom became diabetic (prediabetic twins), whereas the rest remained nondiabetic after at least 8 years follow-up and are now unlikely to develop the disease (diabetes-protected twins). At the beginning of the study, percentage levels of naive (CD45RA+) CD4+ lymphocytes were significantly elevated in prediabetic twins compared with diabetes-protected twins (P < 0.05) and remained so throughout the study (P < 0.01). Percentage levels of naive cells in diabetes-protected twins were significantly reduced compared with control subjects both at the beginning and throughout the study (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, respectively). In contrast, diabetes-protected twins at the beginning of the study had elevated percentage levels of memory (CD45R0+) CD4+ lymphocytes that persisted throughout the study compared with prediabetic twins (P < 0.05 for both). Percentage levels of memory cells in prediabetic twins were significantly reduced compared with control subjects both at the beginning and throughout the study (P < 0.01, P < 0.05, respectively). Increased percentage levels of a population of CD4+ lymphocytes coexpressing CD45RA and CD45R0 were seen in both twin groups compared with control subjects at entry into and during the study (P < 0.05 for all), but persisted only in the prediabetic twins. In this study, we identify for the first time a distinct immune abnormality—overexpression of memory helper T-lymphocytes—that is present in those twins who, despite genetic susceptibility to type I diabetes, do not develop the disease.
Increased Expression of T-Cell Markers of Immunological Memory Associated with Protection from Type I Diabetes: A study of Identical Twins
- Views Icon Views
- PDF LinkPDF
- Share Icon Share
Mark Peakman, Lorenzo Alviggi, Munther J Hussain, Simon S S Lo, Mohammed Hawa, R David G Leslie, Diego Vergani; Increased Expression of T-Cell Markers of Immunological Memory Associated with Protection from Type I Diabetes: A study of Identical Twins. Diabetes 1 May 1994; 43 (5): 712–717. https://doi.org/10.2337/diab.43.5.712
Download citation file: