Hormonal regulation of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (Fru-2,6-P2) content was studied in H4IIE cells. These cells were found to be very sensitive to physiological concentrations of insulin. Addition of either insulin or dexamethasone alone increased Fru-2,6-P2 in a time- and dose-dependent manner, and the maximal effect of the hormones was seen at 1 h. Neither hormone had any measurable effect on cAMP levels. The effect of addition of both insulin and dexamethasone on Fru-2,6-P2 was synergistic. Insulin, but not dexamethasone, rapidly increased 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (6PF-2-K) activity by causing dephosphorylation of the enzyme as judged by a decrease in the Km for fructose-6-phosphate. Addition of both hormones also resulted in a synergistic 10-fold increase in enzyme protein as measured by kinase activity and phosphoenzyme formation. Dexamethasone increased liver 6PF-2-K/Fru-2,6-P2 mRNA abundance by 10- to 12-fold as measured by a ribonuclease protection assay, and insulin increased it by only 4-fold. Effects were observed as early as 1 h after hormone addition, but addition of both hormones together showed no synergy. We conclude that the synergistic effects of insulin and dexamethasone on Fru-2,6-P2 content are mediated by a combination of stimulation of expression of the bifunctional enzyme gene by both hormones and insulin-induced modulation of the activation state of the bifunctional enzyme, both of which are mediated by cAMP-independent mechanisms.
cAMP-Independent Synergistic Effects of Insulin and Dexamethasone on Fructose 2,6-Bisphosphate Metabolism in H4IIE Cells
Alberto M Vargas, Maria M Sola, Alex J Lange, Gracia Poveda, Simon J Pilkis; cAMP-Independent Synergistic Effects of Insulin and Dexamethasone on Fructose 2,6-Bisphosphate Metabolism in H4IIE Cells. Diabetes 1 June 1994; 43 (6): 792–799. https://doi.org/10.2337/diab.43.6.792
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