Both insulin and glucose contribute to the regulation of glucose metabolism in vivo. We directly measured the ability of glucose per se to promote glucose disposal in subjects with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). We compared our results with predictions of the minimal model of glucose metabolism. To identify minimal model parameters, a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIVGTT) was administered to each subject while they were connected to a Biostator (a device that monitors blood glucose and gives insulin to mimic normal insulin secretion). Data from this test reflected normal glucose tolerance and were in excellent agreement with minimal model predictions. The FSIVGTT was then repeated without the Biostator in the same diabetic subjects in order to directly measure the effect of glucose per se to promote glucose disposal in the absence of an incremental insulin effect (a basal insulin drip was maintained). To compare these results with minimal model predictions, the equations describing glucose disappearance in the absence of an incremental insulin effect were solved using parameters identified from the Biostator experiment. The glucose disappearance measured in the absence of an incremental insulin response was much slower than the minimal model predictions. Thus, the minimal model appears to overestimate the effect of glucose per se on glucose uptake and underestimate the contribution of incremental insulin.
Non-Insulin-Mediated Glucose Disappearance in Subjects With IDDM: Discordance Between Experimental Results and Minimal Model Analysis
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Michael J Quon, Craig Cochran, Simenon I Taylor, Richard C Eastman; Non-Insulin-Mediated Glucose Disappearance in Subjects With IDDM: Discordance Between Experimental Results and Minimal Model Analysis. Diabetes 1 July 1994; 43 (7): 890–896. https://doi.org/10.2337/diab.43.7.890
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