We investigated the effect of glucose infusion on beta-cell regeneration in rats made mildly diabetic by a single injection of low dosage (35 mg/kg) streptozotocin (STZ). Nondiabetic (ND) and STZ rats were submitted to a 48-h glucose infusion (hyperglycemia approximately 22 mmol/l in both groups: ND and STZ hyperglycemic-hyperinsulinemic [ND HG-HI and STZ HG-HI rats]). Before infusion, beta-cell mass was 65% lower in STZ rats than in ND rats (2.0 +/- 0.02 vs. 5.5 +/- 0.6 mg), 1.6-fold increased in ND HG-HI rats (8.7 +/- 1.7 mg), and 2.7-fold increased in STZ HG-HI rats (5.4 +/- 0.9 mg). In ND HG-HI rats, beta-cell enlargement was related to an increase in beta-cell responsiveness to nutrient secretagogues both in vivo and in vitro, whereas in STZ HG-HI rats, no significant improvement in insulin secretion could be noticed. To determine the respective role of hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia on beta-cell area changes, ND and STZ rats were submitted to a 48-h hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp. No modification of beta-cell mass was detected in either group. In conclusion, 48-h superimposed hyperglycemia was enough to restore beta-cell mass previously reduced by STZ injection. This effect seemed to be due to hyperglycemia rather than hyperinsulinemia alone. The data stress the dissociation between beta-cell regeneration and improvement in islet function in diabetic rats. Our model seems suitable for studying factors that can improve the plasticity and function of the pancreas in NIDDM.
Pancreatic beta-cell regeneration after 48-h glucose infusion in mildly diabetic rats is not correlated with functional improvement.
C Bernard, C Thibault, M F Berthault, C Magnan, C Saulnier, B Portha, W F Pralong, L Pénicaud, A Ktorza; Pancreatic beta-cell regeneration after 48-h glucose infusion in mildly diabetic rats is not correlated with functional improvement.. Diabetes 1 July 1998; 47 (7): 1058–1065. https://doi.org/10.2337/diabetes.47.7.1058
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