Weight loss during SGLT2i therapy is less than predicted from urinary glucose loss. Modelling suggests a 10-15% compensatory increase in energy intake. We compared effects of 12 weeks’ dapagliflozin 10mg od vs. placebo on food intake in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study with short (1 week) and long-term (12 week) crossover periods. Food intake was measured during test meals at baseline, pre and post each crossover using the Sussex Ingestion Pattern Monitor, continuously recording intake during the meal; primary outcome was the difference after 12 weeks’ treatment. 52 patients with T2DM treated with diet or oral agents were recruited (45 completed;43% female). Median age 60y, weight 98.4 kg, BMI 34, HbA1c 59.5 mmol/mol. Analysis used a linear mixed model with the random effect as study subject and fixed effects of sex, visit, study arm and arm:visit interaction. Dapagliflozin use was associated with a reduction in HbA1c -9.73mmol/mol (95% CI 3.91, 16.27; p=0.004), and body weight (-2.84 vs. -0.87 kg) vs. placebo. There was no difference in test meal food intake between dapagliflozin and placebo at 12 weeks median difference, 2.63g (95% CI,-31.65,36.9); p=0.659 or at other time points. Dapagliflozin was not associated with a compensatory increase in food intake.
S. Rajeev: None. C.A. Roberts: None. D.J. Cuthbertson: None. V.S. Sprung: None. E. Brown: Research Support; Self; AstraZeneca. J.C. Halford: Advisory Panel; Self; Novo Nordisk A/S. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Novo Nordisk A/S. J.A. Harrold: None. G.J. Kemp: None. A. Stancak: None. J.P. Wilding: Other Relationship; Self; Astellas, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Novo Nordisk Inc., Sanofi, Eli Lilly and Company, Orexigen Therapeutics, Inc., Merck & Co., Inc..