Background: Diabetes mellitus has attained the status of an epidemic in slow motion. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a sub-type which occurs in pregnancy. As part of a baseline assessment, the researchers sought to determine knowledge of GDM among women of reproductive age in the state.

Methods: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional household survey involving 2595 women of reproductive age residing in five local government areas in the state. It employed a multi-stage sampling technique to collect data using an interviewer-administered questionnaire built using Open Data Kit (ODK) software uploaded on android mobile phones.

Results: The response rate was 100%. Mean age was 29.25 ± 7.11 years. The majority (2,351;90.6%) had heard about diabetes Mellitus but only 991 (38.2%) knew that diabetes can occur for the first time in pregnancy. Only 747 (28.8%), 929 (35.8%) and 790 (30.4%) respondents had good knowledge scores for GDM definition and risk factors, GDM screening diagnosis and treatment and GDM complications respectively. Only 681 (26.2%) had good overall knowledge of GDM. The major sources of knowledge of GDM were from friends (49.8%), health workers (34.6%) and mass media (10.4%). Residence in two urban LGAs (AdjO.R=1.79; 95% CI=1.36-2.34) and (AdjO.R=1.89; 95% CI =1.37-2.61), being married (AdjO.R=1.50; 95% CI=1.16-1.95) and having been pregnant (AdjO.R=2.69; 95% CI= 1.99-3.64) positively predicted good overall knowledge of GDM.

Conclusion: These results underscore the need for information, education and communication (IEC) activities on a large scale targeted at women of reproductive age and their partners for prevention and control of GDM.

Disclosure

R. Ogu: None. O. Maduka: None. V.R. Agala: None. I. Porbeni: None.

Readers may use this article as long as the work is properly cited, the use is educational and not for profit, and the work is not altered. More information is available at http://www.diabetesjournals.org/content/license.