Background: Fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF-19) and FGF-21 regulate glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, which in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) conditions becomes dysregulated. Whilst weight loss can restore this functionality, bariatric surgery can have a specific impact due to mechanical changes on gut/liver physiology. We aimed to analyse the effects of different bariatric surgeries: sleeve gastrectomy (SG), laparoscopic adjusted gastric banding (LAGB) and biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) on changes in FGF-19 and FGF-21 levels.
Methods: Obese and T2DM women (n=41 BMI>35 Kg/m2) undergoing SG (n=14), LABG (n=13), and BPD (n=14) participated in an ethics approved study. Anthropometry, biochemical data, and adipose tissue (AT) biopsies were collected before and 6 months after surgery. FGF-19, FGF-21 levels and AT inflammation (TLR2, MYD88, TRAF6, IKK and NFkb) was assessed.
Results: Post surgery SG led to 63% reduction in FGF-21 whilst LABG and BPD led to 41% and 4% decrease respectively. There was a significant differences in FGF-21 levels between SG and BPD (p=0.021). Moreover, FGF-21 change in SG positivly correlated with changes in glucose (p=0.019), insulin (p=0.047), HOMA-IR (p=0.022) and triglyceride (p=0.027); absent in BPD and LABG. FGF-21 levels in SG appeared as a significant predictor of HOMA-IR change post surgery (p<0.05). FGF-19 levels post surgery increased by 31% in SG compared to 10% rise in BPD and 39% decrease in LAGB with significant differences between SG and LAGB (p=0.012). FGF-19 change in BPD inversly correlated with changes in weight (p=0.012), BMI (p=0.037), waist circumfrance (p=0.044); absent in SG and LAGB.
Inflamatory markers post surgery were significantly reduced in all surgeries (TLR2: p<0.01, MYD88: p<0.01, TRAF6: p<0.01, IKK: p<0.01 and NFkb: p<0.01).
Conclusion: SG appears to have a beneficial influence on FGF-21 and FGF-19 levels irrespective of reduced AT inflammation. Our FGF findings therfore suggests that SG provides better glucose homeostatis outcomes than LAGB and BPD.
S. Azharian: None. A. Murphy: None. P.G. McTernan: None. M.K. Piya: None. G. Tripathi: None.