Background and Aims: Experimental data demonstrated that activation of GLP-1 and gastrin signaling induces beta cell neogenesis, resulting in a promotion of glucose-induced insulin secretion. In addition, treatment with proton pump inhibitors is associated with greater glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), particularly in those on insulin- or GLP-1-based therapy. The aim of this study was to assess gastrin as a potential predictor of beta cell function and glucoregulation in newly diagnosed T2DM patients.
Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study 190 patients (64 males and 126 females) with new onset T2DM were included. Patients treated with IPPs were excluded. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial PG, HbA1c, fasting insulin, pancreatic B cell function (HOMA-B), insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), fasting c-peptide and gastrin levels were measured at the time of diagnosis.
Results: Baseline HbA1c was 7.53±2.08%, average age of patients was 61.8±10.years and body mass index (BMI) was 31.25±5.73 kg/m2. Parameters of glucoregulation were not significantly correlated with gastrin (all p>0.05), while there was moderate negative correlation with HOMA-B (HbA1c, FPG and PPG; p <0.01 for all) and positive correlation with HOMA-IR (HbA1c, FPG and PPG; p<0.01 for all). Patients with higher baseline measures of glucose regulation had lower HOMA-B and higher HIMA-IR as was expected. There was no association between gastrin and HOMA-B (p>0.05) or HOMA-IR. Furthermore, no association was established between c-peptide, insulin levels and gastrin (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Baseline gastrin levels are not sufficient to have a significant effect on glucoregulation or HOMA-B and HOMA-IR in newly diagnosed T2DM, therefore it could be postulated that further stimulation of gastrin secretion (e.g., with IPPs or GLP-1 based therapy) is needed in order to influence beta cell function and glycemic control.
M. Cigrovski Berkovic: None. D. Herman Mahecic: None. I. Bilic-Curcic: None.