Recent studies have highlighted recruiting and activating brite adipocytes in WAT (so-called “browning”) would be an attractive anti-obesity strategy. Zinc alpha2 glycoprotein (ZAG) as an important fat-adipokine, is reported to ameliorate glycolipid metabolism and lose body weight in obese mice. However whether the body reducing effect mediated by browning programme remains unclear. Here, we show that overexpression of ZAG in 3T3-L1 adipocytes enhanced expression of brown fat-specific markers (UCP-1, PRDM16 and CIDEA), mitochondrial biogenesis genes (PGC-1α, NRF-1/2 and mtTFA) and the key lipid metabolism lipases (ATGL, HSL, CPT1-A and p-acyl-CoA carboxylase). Additionally, those effects were dramaticlly abolished by H89/SB203580, revealing ZAG-induced browning depend on PKA and p38 MAPK signaling. Overall, our findings suggest that ZAG is a candidate therapeutic agent against obesity via induction of brown fat-like phenotype in white adipocytes.
X. Xiao: None. X. Qi: None. Y. Wang: None. C. Xu: None. J. Liu: None.