Strong evidence suggests that an adverse in utero and/or early postnatal environment impacts on long-term risk of developing type 2 diabetes. We showed previously that miR-126 is increased in adipose tissue of mouse offspring born to obese mothers which leads to impaired insulin signaling pathway by silencing IRS-1 at the translational level. However, the full spectrum of targets of miR-126 and consequently the consequences of its overexpression for adipose tissue function are unknown. The aim of the current study was therefore to identify novel targets of miR-126 using the proteomic technique, known as Pulsed Stable Isotope Labeling by Amino Acids (pSILAC). 3T3-L1-cells were transfected with miR-126 and their proteome compared to those transfected with a scrambled sequence. We detected 4567 proteins that were translated in adipocytes and of these 401 demonstrated a >1.3 fold decrease following over-expression of miR-126. Bioinformatic analysis revealed that 43 of these contained a miR-126 seed sequence in their 3’un-translated region. This included known miR-126 targets such as IRS-1 and VCAM-1 as well as novel targets. One of the largest changes in expression was observed for Lunapark and through the use of luciferase assays and western blotting we independently confirmed this was a direct target of miR-126. Lunapark is a key component for stabilization of nascent three-way junctions in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Consistent with this role we observed altered levels of mTOR and XBP1 in cells treated with miR-126, reflecting the presence of ER stress. Together, the results suggest that overexpression of miR-126 can lead to both ER stress and Insulin Resistance and therefore represent a novel link between two pathways that contribute to development and progression to T2DM.


J.A. Faria: None. D. Duque Guimaraes: None. L. Pantaleao: None. T.P. Ong: None. A. Ozanne: None.

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