Background: NHANES data (2009-2014) suggests that 25% of U.S. adults with diabetes have CKD (eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73m2 or ACR ≥ 30 mg/g). However, prevalence may be different among patients evaluated in clinical practice or in adults with T1D compared to T2D.

Methods: We utilized a clinical laboratory database maintained by LabCorp® to assess CKD prevalence and classified risk (low, moderate, high or very high) based on KDIGO criteria. The population included 48,036 adults with T1D and 1,461,915 with T2D who had both an ACR and a CKD-EPI eGFR between August 2014 and August 2017. Rates of eGFR decline were calculated for patients with ≥ 3 eGFR results over at least a 1 year period.

Results: CKD prevalence was 40% higher in T2D than T1D (44.3% vs. 31.6%, p<0.001). The proportion classified as high or very high risk was also higher in T2D (17.8% vs. 12.0%, p<0.001). Macroalbuminuria (MA), defined as an ACR > 300, was uncommon (T1D: 7.8%, T2D: 8.3%); the majority with MA had an eGFR ≥ 60 (T1D: 60%, T2D: 53%). Median eGFR decline (ml/min/year) was low in the entire population (T1D: -0.6, T2D: -0.8), and in patients with ACR < 30 (T1D: -0.34, T2D: -0.47) or ACR 30-300 (T1D: -0.97, T2D: - 1.06). However, median annual rates of decline in patients with MA were -3.80 in T1D and -3.58 in T2D.

Conclusions: These findings suggest that CKD prevalence and risk are higher in T2D than T1D among adult patients recently evaluated in U.S. clinical practices. Although MA is uncommon and most frequently observed in patients with normal or only mildly reduced eGFR, it was a potent predictor of eGFR decline in both T1D and T2D. Availability of a large clinical laboratory database may add value when eligibility criteria, enrichment strategies, study endpoints or feasibility are assessed in clinical trials of patients with diabetes and CKD.

Disclosure

M. Cressman: Employee; Self; Covance Inc. J.L. Ennis: Employee; Self; LabCorp. Stock/Shareholder; Self; LabCorp. B.J. Goldstein: Employee; Self; Covance Inc.. L. Gourgiotis: None. D. Luo: None. M. Puri: Employee; Self; Covance Inc.. B. Gillespie: None.

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