We aimed to measure the prevalence of retinopathy in a T1D cohort of 75 adults with T1D duration of ≥50 years, and to determine association with other vascular complications. Participants underwent ultra-widefield retinal imaging and optimal coherence tomography. Neuropathy was characterized by electrophysiology and corneal confocal microscopy. Intrarenal hemodynamic function was determined by inulin and para-aminohippurate clearance, and arterial stiffness was measured by applanation tonometry, both at baseline and in responses to intravenous angiotensin II (ANGII). Participants were classified as having no diabetic retinopathy (ⱷDR), non-proliferative (NPDR), or proliferative (PDR), and associations were determined using multivariable linear regression adjusting for age, sex, and HbA1c. Thirty-nine (52%) participants had PDR, 24 (32%) had NPDR, and 12 (16%) had ⱷDR. Those without retinopathy had lower HbA1c vs. those with NDPR and PDR (6.7±0.6% vs. 7.4±0.7% and 7.5±0.9%, p=0.019). PDR was associated with lower corneal nerve fibre density, worse electrophysiology, and a greater number of signs and symptoms of neuropathy, but not with intrarenal hemodynamic function. Retinopathy severity was associated with greater response to ANGII for carotid-radial pulse wave velocity (mean change -4.9±11.4% vs. 8.2±18.5% vs. 12.9±20.2% for ⱷDR, NPDR, and PDR respectively, p=0.043). In longstanding T1D, retinopathy associated strongly with neuropathy and arterial stiffening, but not with renal hemodynamic function. Greater understanding of the co-occurrence of microvascular complications in patients with T1D, and relationships with macrovascular abnormalities such as arterial stiffness, may improve early detection and management of diabetes-related diseases.


J.A. Lovshin: Other Relationship; Self; AstraZeneca. Consultant; Self; Novo Nordisk Inc.. Research Support; Self; Sanofi, Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.. Other Relationship; Self; Novo Nordisk Inc.. L. Lovblom: None. P. Bjornstad: Consultant; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH. Y. Lytvyn: None. G. Boulet: Advisory Panel; Self; Medtronic, Sanofi, Novo Nordisk Inc.. Other Relationship; Self; Janssen Global Services, LLC., Abbott. A. Weisman: None. V.S. Lai: None. J.M. Tse: None. L. Cham: None. A. Orszag: None. H.A. Keenan: Research Support; Self; Sanofi. Employee; Self; Sanofi Genzyme. N. Paul: None. V. Bril: Consultant; Self; Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.. Research Support; Self; CSL Behring, Grifols. Advisory Panel; Self; CSL Behring. Consultant; Self; Grifols. Research Support; Self; Shire. Advisory Panel; Self; Pfizer Inc. M.H. Brent: Research Support; Self; Novartis Canada. Advisory Panel; Self; Novartis Canada. Research Support; Self; Bayer Canada. Advisory Panel; Self; Bayer Canada, Allergan Canada. Research Support; Self; Roche Canada. B.A. Perkins: Advisory Panel; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH. Research Support; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH, Novo Nordisk Inc.. Advisory Panel; Self; Novo Nordisk Inc., Abbott. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Abbott, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.. Advisory Panel; Self; Insulet Corporation. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Insulet Corporation, Dexcom, Inc. D. Cherney: Consultant; Self; AbbVie Inc.. Other Relationship; Self; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim GmbH, Eli Lilly and Company. Consultant; Self; Sanofi. Other Relationship; Self; Merck & Co., Inc.. Consultant; Self; Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation. Other Relationship; Self; Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc..

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