MEDI0382, a GLP-1/glucagon dual receptor agonist, is being developed for the treatment of T2DM. GLP-1 receptor agonists promote glucose-dependent insulin release, suppress glucagon, and increase or have minimal effect on glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP); knowledge of the effect on GLP-1 is limited. We characterized fasting and postprandial hormone profiles associated with MEDI0382 therapy. In a phase 2a study (NCT02548585), 51 subjects with T2DM and BMI 27-40 kg/m2 received MEDI0382 (uptitrated to 200 µg) or placebo (PBO) daily for 41 days. Glucose, insulin, glucagon, GIP, and GLP-1 were measured at baseline (day -1) and day 41 during a liquid mixed-meal tolerance test. MEDI0382 significantly reduced fasting glucose (-49.9 vs. -19.2 mg/dL for PBO; P < 0.0001) and glucose AUC0-4h (-32.8 vs. -10.2% for PBO; P < 0.0001) in association with increased fasting insulin (2.2 mU/L vs. -3.9 mU/L for PBO; P = 0.016), but postprandial insulin AUC was unchanged. In contrast, fasting and postprandial endogenous glucagon, GIP (Figure), and active and inactive GLP-1 were suppressed, and a delay in their kinetics was observed after MEDI0382 therapy. The results suggest that MEDI0382 is insulinotropic and might also cause delayed gastric emptying. The effects of MEDI0382 on GIP have not been observed with GLP-1 receptor mono-agonists and may represent a footprint of dual GLP-1/glucagon receptor agonism in this complex hormone signaling network.

V.E.R. Parker: Employee; Self; MedImmune. Stock/Shareholder; Self; Accenture. Employee; Self; AstraZeneca. L. Tsai: Employee; Self; MedImmune. D. Robertson: Employee; Self; MedImmune. Employee; Spouse/Partner; GlaxoSmithKline plc. M. Petrone: Employee; Self; MedImmune. Stock/Shareholder; Self; MedImmune. C. Rondinone: Employee; Self; MedImmune. Stock/Shareholder; Self; AstraZeneca, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Abbott, AbbVie Inc. B. Hirshberg: Employee; Self; AstraZeneca, MedImmune. L. Jermutus: Employee; Self; AstraZeneca. Stock/Shareholder; Self; AstraZeneca. P. Ambery: Employee; Self; MedImmune. Stock/Shareholder; Self; AstraZeneca.

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