Recent ADA/EASD recommendations emphasize the importance of the patient role in therapy decisions. Adjunct to insulin SGLT inhibitor (SGLTi) therapy for T1D has been evaluated in RCTs but patient reaction to the benefit-risk profile of these agents is unknown. We aimed to objectively evaluate patient preferences for different therapy options, using a Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE) form of conjoint analysis, a validated methodology. The DCE used an online survey, completed by 701 respondents with T1D (231 U.S., 242 Canada, 228 Germany), to present 6 hypothetical, masked pair-wise drug profile comparison choices composed of different benefit-risk attributes and clinical effect ranges (levels). Attributes and levels were derived from different combinations of phase 3 trial data for a low dose SGLTi (comparable to empagliflozin 2.5mg); a high dose SGLTi (comparable to sotagliflozin 400mg); and an available adjunct to insulin therapy (pramlintide 60µg TID). Based upon respondents’ choices, DCE calculated, in %, the relative importance of one attribute to another and the overall predicted therapy preferences. DKA risk was the most important attribute with a relative importance of 23% (z-test, p<0.05). Second and similarly important were HbA1c reduction (14%), risk of hypoglycemia (13%), oral vs. injection treatment (13%), and risk of genital infection (12%). Next was risk of nausea (11%); weight reduction (8%) and risk of diarrhea (7%) were least important. The predicted therapy preference share was highest for low dose SGLTi, ranked first by 83% (z-test, p<0.05), compared with 8% for high dose SGLTi and 9% for pramlintide. In a separate question, respondents were asked to explicitly choose (masked to drug profile name and dose) among the clinical trial profiles of low dose SGLTi (chosen by 69%), high dose SGLTi (17%), pramlintide (6%), and ‘none of the above’ (9%).

In conclusion, the DCE and head-to-head explicit choice identified low dose SGLTi as the favored patient preference for adjunct therapy to insulin in T1D.


B.A. Perkins: Advisory Panel; Self; Abbott, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Insulet Corporation. Research Support; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH. Other Relationship; Self; Abbott, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Lilly Diabetes, Medtronic, Novo Nordisk Inc., Sanofi. J. Rosenstock: Research Support; Self; AstraZeneca, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, Genentech, Inc., GlaxoSmithKline plc., Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Melior Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Bukwang Pharm. Co., Ltd., Merck & Co., Inc., Oramed Pharmaceuticals, PegBio Co., Ltd., Pfizer Inc. Other Relationship; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Eli Lilly and Company, Intarcia Therapeutics, Inc., Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Novo Nordisk Inc., Sanofi. J.S. Skyler: Advisory Panel; Self; ADOCIA, Applied Therapeutics, Dance Biopharm Holdings Inc., Orgenesis Ltd., Tolerion, Inc., Viacyte, Inc. Board Member; Self; Dexcom, Inc., Intarcia Therapeutics, Inc., Moerae Matrix, Inc. Consultant; Self; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Dalcor, Dialogics, Elcelyx Therapeutics, Inc., Esperion, GeNeuro Innovation, Ideal Life, Immunomolecular Therapeutics, Intrexon, Kamada, Nestlé, Sanofi, Valeritas, Inc., Zafgen, Inc. Stock/Shareholder; Self; Dexcom, Inc., Ideal Life, Intarcia Therapeutics, Inc., Intrexon, Moerae Matrix, Inc. L.M. Laffel: Advisory Panel; Self; Lilly Diabetes, Novo Nordisk A/S, Roche Diabetes Care, Sanofi. Consultant; Self; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Dexcom, Inc., Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., UpToDate. D. Cherney: Other Relationship; Self; AbbVie Inc., AstraZeneca, Bayer AG, Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Merck & Co., Inc., Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation, Prometic Life Sciences Inc., Sanofi. C. Mathieu: Advisory Panel; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, Eli Lilly and Company, Merck & Co., Inc., Novo Nordisk A/S, Roche Diabetes Care, Sanofi. Speaker's Bureau; Self; AstraZeneca, Novartis AG, Novo Nordisk A/S, Sanofi. C. Pang: Consultant; Self; dQ&A Market Research, Inc. R. Wood: Other Relationship; Self; Multiple companies in the diabetes field (>10 companies). O. Kinduryte: Employee; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH. Stock/Shareholder; Self; Novo Nordisk A/S, Zealand Pharma A/S. J. George: Employee; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH. J. Marquard: Employee; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH. N. Soleymanlou: Employee; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim Canada Ltd.


Boehringer Ingelheim; Eli Lilly and Company

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