Introduction: We investigated characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients treated with empagliflozin in a large-scale audit of routine clinical practice in the UK.
Methods: Data was obtained from the Association of British Clinical Diabetologists Nationwide Empagliflozin Audit. Between December 2014 to September 2018, multiple sites submitted data through 10 major centers on 1947 patients with at least one follow-up visit after empagliflozin initiation.
Results: Baseline characteristics of patients were, mean±SD, age 59.9±9.9 years, diabetes duration 6.4±5.4 years, HbA1c 9.41±1.43%, weight 99.6±20.8 years, BMI 33.6±9.1 kg/m2and 62.1% were male. Proportion of use of empagliflozin 25mg (vs. 10mg), GLP-1 receptor agonist, and insulin were 63.7%, 13.7% and 20.1%, respectively. There were 44.9%, 49.9%, 5.1% and 0.1% of patients with eGFR>90, 60-89, 45-59 and <45 ml/min/1.73m2, respectively. By 26 weeks, treatment with empagliflozin was associated with, mean±SD, HbA1c reduction of 1.35±1.49% (p<0.0001), weight reduction of 3.6±5.1 kg (p<0.0001) and systolic blood pressure reduction of 5±14 mmHg (p<0.0001).
Conclusions: An audit of empagliflozin use in the UK revealed poorly controlled diabetes being frequently encountered in practice in contrast to randomized clinical trials. There was a preponderance of empagliflozin 25mg dose use, disproportionate prescribing to men rather than women, and frequent co-prescription with GLP-1 receptor agonists and insulin. The audit showed excellent adherence to prescribing guidelines in relation to avoiding empagliflozin use in patients with eGFR<45 ml/min/1.73m2. There was similar treatment efficacy with empaglilfozin as was seen in clinical trials.
K. Thong: None. J. Chung-Wah-Cheong: None. M. Yadagiri: None. M.L. Cull: None. A. Bickerton: Employee; Self; MyWay Digital Health. S.M. Phillips: None. A. Evans: None. D.K. Sennik: Speaker's Bureau; Self; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Sanofi. A. Rohilla: None. H. Reid: None. D.S. Morris: Other Relationship; Self; AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., NAPP Pharmaceuticals Limited, Novo Nordisk A/S, Sanofi-Aventis. M. Atkin: Advisory Panel; Self; NAPP Pharmaceuticals Limited. Consultant; Self; My mHealth. Speaker's Bureau; Self; AstraZeneca, Novo Nordisk Inc. A.M. Robinson: Advisory Panel; Self; Takeda UK. D.M. Williams: None. J.W. Stephens: Advisory Panel; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Novo Nordisk Inc. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Lilly Diabetes, NAPP Pharmaceuticals Limited. K. Adamson: None. I.W. Gallen: None. R.E. Ryder: Advisory Panel; Self; Novo Nordisk A/S. Speaker's Bureau; Self; Bioquest.
Association of British Clinical Diabetologists