Strong scientific evidence supports the benefits of ABC control (A1c <7%, blood pressure <140/80 mmHg, and LDL cholesterol <100 mg/dL) in reducing complications. A recent national multicenter study in China showed that the percentage of Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes who met recommended targets for A1c, BP and LDL in 2010 was 5.4%.
A diabetes clinic in a Chinese tertiary hospital conducted a pilot quality improvement project from January to November 2018 to enhance ABC outcomes. Doctors and nurses from the clinic participated in biweekly video case conferences with Joslin Diabetes Center clinicians (endocrinologist and a certified diabetes educator). They also received bi-monthly on-site training, each lasting 10 days, from visiting U.S. clinicians.
A1c, blood pressure and cholesterol levels collected from patients receiving routine care in the diabetes clinic from the first half of 2018 were compared with those collected in the second half of 2018. There were 1,036 patients who had at least one visit at each of these periods, and 683 patients of them (65.9%) had A1c, BP and LDL measured during these two periods. Paired comparisons were done by paired t-test (continuous variables) or McNemar’s test (dichotomous variables) using SAS version 9.4.
The mean age of the patients was 54.7±11.9 years, with 53.8% female, and 95.3% with T2DM. There was a significant increase in the patients who achieved composite A1c, BP and LDL goal from 6.8 to 10.0% (p=0.048). The percentage of patients attaining the BP goal increased from 54.6 to 63.5% (p=0.0016). The systolic pressure decreased from 137.8 ± 20.2 to 133.3 ± 19.4 mmHg (p<0.0001). The LDL cholesterol decreased from 107.5 ± 34.0 to 97.5 ± 34.4 mg/dL (p<0.0001), and resulted in an increase in the percentage of individuals meeting the LDL goal, from 24.5% to 32.9% (p=0.0012).
Interventions through regular case-based video conferences, complemented by live coaching from diabetes specialists, have the potential to improve clinical outcomes for patients with diabetes in China.
K. Lau: None. L. Yunxia: None. L. Yi: None. C. Li: None. Y. Zhengguo: None. D.M. Pober: None. L. Zhang: None. R.A. Gabbay: Advisory Panel; Self; HealthReveal, Hygieia, Lark, Onduo LLC. Consultant; Self; Sanofi. W.C. Hsu: Consultant; Self; Onduo LLC.